All these new programming languages are one and the same – they all promise faster, smart programming, with fewer bugs. Claims that are not to be ignored. However, you and your business haven’t got the time or the budget to waste on a language that fails to live up to its hype.

To save you from descending into a languages wormhole, leaving you more confused than when you started, here are five emerging programming languages that look set to have a “bright future”, according to TechBeacon.

1.      Elm

The beauty of Elm is that its code can interoperate with JavaScript, allowing you to introduce it in small doses to your JavaScript code base. You can use it with or without JavaScript to build user interfaces on the web, safe in the knowledge you are using a language which is reliable and easy to maintain.

Elm has a reputation for never throwing runtime exceptions, while it’s also lauded for having a “legendarily” helpful compiler.

2.      Rust

Rust, a system programming language, has three primary design goals: safety, speed and concurrency. Its unique features include a static analysis tool that reads your code and stops compilation if it could cause a memory error.

3.      Kotlin

Finally released in 2016 after five years in development, Kotlin is a statically typed language that targets the JVM and JavaScript. Kotlin is known for its conciseness, versatility, safety and interoperability. So, if you’ve ever wished Java was more expressive and less verbose, Kotlin could be worth a try.

4.      Crystal

Crystal, a general-purpose programming language, promises to be “Fast as C, slick as Ruby”. Its motto fits with it design goals, which were to have a syntax like Ruby and to be statically type-checked but without having to specify the type of variables or method arguments. Some of Crystal’s distinguished features include its use of Channel inspired by CSP to achieve concurrency.

5.      Elixir

Elixir has been available since 2012 and is a general-purpose functional language thatpromises productivity, scalability and maintainability. It compiles to bytecode that runs on the Erlang Virtual Machine (BEAM), which powers many massive, high-availability low-latency systems. Elixir’s syntax and toolchain draw inspiration from Ruby, while it’s unique features include pattern matching and hot-swappable code.

I’m aware that I’ve only just scratched the surface on what these new programming languages can offer you and your business. Hopefully, though, it’s given you some idea of which emerging languages might be worthy of your time.

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